Call it as you want: revolution, revolufia or ball, but Mexico was the first armed movement and popular of the TWENTIETH century, which was awarded the name of revolutionary and in many respects it was, although in many others —perhaps too many— not what has been. The fruit of the armed struggle of 1910-1917 were the songs, many of them dedicated to characters real or imagined, among which highlighted many women. Here are a dozen of them in this November 20, which commemorates the revolufia.
1.- “Marieta”. This corrido was written in honor of Marieta Martinez, adelita is a Division of the North. The music is upbeat and the lyrics elegantly mischievous, with snippets such as “Your mom said to Marieta: ‘stop the pretence, let grow the hair and the dress so rabón; because the woman who has the dress so short, when it comes to bending, it will look very nice’”. The interpretation is of the brothers John and David Záizar.
2.- “Las soldaderas”. The interpretation tosca and machorra of Miriam Núñez gives a tone very curious to this story about the soldaderas revolutionary and the way they participated in the movement from 1910 to 1917.
3.- “The Outbreak”. This song written by an anonymous author, as many of the songs revolutionary, narrates in first person the story of a soldadera who had his hands burned by the gunpowder, and that “in the battles I was always the first, the shootings just made me laugh.” Thanks to its value, she says, “I came to be general.” Very well sung by America Martin.
4.- “Marijuana, la soldadera”. Sung by the Hermanos Bañuelos in an old recording, this little-known corrido relates the story of the love between soldier John and his faithful and courageous woman, Marijuana. You might wonder if in the background, and with double sense is about the relationship between revolutionary soldiers and the green grass vaciladora.
5.- “La rielera”. One of the most well-known corridos revolutionaries on women, in a great version of the legendary singer vernacular Fight Moreno. “Yo soy rielera, tengo mi Juan / He is my beloved, I am your love you / When they tell me that already goes to the train / Goodbye my rielera, as your John.”
6.- “La Cucaracha”. Extremely popular and with many different versions in your letter, it says that it comes from Spain and was adapted during the mexican revolution as the anthem of the villistas against the usurper Victoriano Huerta. Maria Felix played the character of a soldadera with that name in the classic film of the same name from 1958, directed by Ismael Rodríguez.
7.- “La Valentina”. Another very popular ballad of the revolution, in a version splendid of the Brothers Zaizar. In the background, is a song of love and passion by a woman who seek it is a risk, but a risk worth running. Its main chorus is in the memory of the majority of mexicans: “Valentina, Valentina, given I’m at your feet, if I have to kill you tomorrow I kill at once”.
8.- “Caritina”. The story of a guerrilla villista who became a colonel and died in misery and obscurity. The charming Amparo Ochoa rescued the song and this is his version.
9.- “Juana Gallo”. Another soldadera fierce and bold, who fought “like any John” and it was “the bogeyman of all federal” to those who “thundered with his huge pistolón”. Sung by Lucha Moreno, do honour to this zacatecana whose real name was Angela Ramos, and who, account, commanded a squadron of women within the Division of the North.
10.- “The Adelita”. Perhaps the most popular of all the corridos mexicanos dedicated to any woman. This beautiful version of Amparo Ochoa, with the letter complete, it is perfect to dismiss this collection of powerful female characters, real or fictitious, of the revolution. Who does not know his poems, the most emblematic? “If Adelita is out with another, he would follow by land and by sea, If by sea in a warship, if by land on a train military”.